5-10% of all people with diabetes in the world have type 1 diabetes. This means that their pancreas does not produce insulin and they are dependent on it for life. Insulin is as important to them as oxygen. Type 1 diabetes can neither be prevented, nor cured. Though type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed at any age, the diagnosis is more common in childhood.
Many cases of type 2 diabetes could have prevented it with healthy lifestyle adaptation. Type 2 diabetes can occur at any age but is strongly prevalent in older age groups. Type 2 diabetes may be treated with lifestyle modification, pills or insulin. Gestational Diabetes affects 1 in 7 births worldwide. 1 in 2 women with gestational diabetes during pregnancy develop type 2 diabetes within 5-10 years after delivery.
Gestational Diabetes affects 1 in 7 births worldwide. 1 in 2 women with gestational diabetes during pregnancy develop type 2 diabetes within 5-10 years after delivery.
|100mg/dl or 5.5 mmol/L||No diabetes|
|101- 125 mg/dl or 5.6 - 6.9 mmol/L||Prediabetes (risk of developing type 2 diabetes)|
|>126 mg/dl or 5.7mmol/L||Diabetes|
For people diagnosed with diabetes, the following age specific ranges are recommended
|Age||Fasting||Before meals||1.5 -2 hours after meals||Bedtime|
|Adults with Type 2 diabetes
|70-100 mg/dl||70-126 mg/dl||100 - 150 mg/dl||-|
|Adults with Type 1 diabetes
|70-100 mg/dl||70-126 mg/dl||90 - 160 mg/dl||-|
|Children with Type 1 diabetes
|90-145 mg/dl||90-145 mg/dl||90-180 mg/dl||120-180|